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Taj Mahal Interior

Introduction
Taj Mahal Interior Taj Mahal in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, ranks among the most beautiful examples of religious art in the whole of Asia. Its massive structure and wonderful carving work is much appreciated by tourists, during its visit. A wonderful example of Mughal (Mogul) Islamic architecture, it is comparable to any of the great expressions of Gothic architecture or Renaissance architecture, to be seen in Europe. Situated on the south side of the River Yamuna, near Agra, it was built in the 17th century by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan (1592-1666) as a mausoleum and memorial for his favorite wife Mumtaz Mahal, who died in childbirth while accompanying the Shah on a military campaign. Construction of this beautiful structure would take many years. Though building first began in 1632, it would not be completed until 1653—more than two decades later! Not only was construction of the Taj Mahal incredibly time consuming, but it also required the skills and work of a great many people. In fact, it is believed that thousands upon thousands of artisans, craftsmen, and laborers worked on the structure. The construction of the Tajmahal was such a massive undertaking that it required more than just one architect; in fact, it required an entire board of architects. The board, working under imperial supervision and direction, consisted of several major architects of the time, including Abd ul-Karim, Makramat Khat, Ma'mur Khan, and principal designer Ustad Ahmad Lahauri.

Interior Decoration
The beautifully decorated tombs of Mumtaz and Shah Jahan are just decoys. According to Muslim tradition, their bodies actually lie together in a plain crypt beneath the inner chamber, with their faces turned toward Mecca. Though the Shah clearly preferred Mumtaz to his other wives, he did acknowledge them (and Mumtaz's favorite servant) with several smaller tombs, which sit past the vast garden complex. Even though the Muslim tradition does not allow graves of dead people to be decorated Emperor Shah Jahan ignored it and decorated his burial and his wife's. The burial chamber is in an octagonal room and is covered in abstract designs and gemstones, which are still intact today. Apart from its external design, the interior design inside the Taj Mahal tells its own story to the world. The details are very intricately done which is quite fascinating that makes it more exquisite and wonderful. The façade that would lead to you to those sophisticated chambers is indescribable. The jali or octagonal the marble screen is made from eight panels are carved unbelievably without missing any single detail of it that borders the cenotaph respectively. The Ninety Nine Names of god found in the calligraphic inscription on the actual tomb is found on the side, this serves merely as decorations. Also, the pen box and writing tablet were funerary icons which highlight the whole thing of the mausoleum though Muslim tradition forbids highly detailed decoration of graves. Nearly 30 different types of precious and semi-precious gemstones are appearing in the chamber's stonework in Taj Mahal. The walls are ornamented throughout with floral and abstract patterns formed by dado bas-reliefs, intricate pietra dura inlays and complex calligraphic panels, all of which reflect in miniature the decorations seen on the outside. The royal cenotaphs are enclosed by an intricately carved octagonal marble screen (jali), whose surfaces are inlaid in detail with semi-precious stones forming patterns of fruits, flowers and vines. Each casket is inlaid with precious and semiprecious gemstones, as well as a number of calligraphic inscriptions.

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